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===The Peckham Experiment===
The Peckham Experiment was a study into the nature of health in the 1920s-1940s. The researchers decided to study the family unit in a community setting to identify what contributes to human health. See below for more information. This page records the current work in Peckham to bring the information about the Peckham Experiment back into Peckham today. Peckham Vision shop, in Holdrons Arcade at 135A Rye Lane, has original Peckham Experiment books and later publications for sale and reference. Visit our Open Studio days to browse and buy. Eileen Conn, Peckham Vision coordinator and long term resident in Peckham, is the local contact and a [ Pioneer Health Foundation (PHF)] Associate, and a member of the [ South London Gallery Heritage Roots project currently focusing on which examined the Peckham Experiment.] Peckham Vision operates from a Peckham Experiment kind of understanding of approach to the * nature of human health and society. Underlying the work of Peckham Vision is the understanding that the strength of a community lies in the connections between people who live, work or run businesses in the same neighbourhood. More information in leaflet: [[Media:PV_%26_PEX_as_in_A5_leaflet_A4.pdf|Peckham Vision and the Peckham Experiment]]<br> [[Peckham_Experiment#The_Peckham_Experiment_2|See here for more detaield information about the Peckham Experiment.]] <br>A well researched history by [ Justin De Syllas of all aspects of the Peckham Experiment] is under way. The results are being published gradually as they are completed in stages on a website called ''[ NURTURING INTREPID CITIZENS The Pioneer Health Centre and the politics of welfare in early 20th century London.]'' ===January 2019===[ The South London Gallery’s Arts Assassins youth group] took the theme of the Peckham Experiment for 18 months in 2017-2018 in the [ Heritage Roots Project]. The group [ visited Peckham Vision and Rye Lane] early in the project, and Eileen Conn coordinator of Peckham Vision was part of the Gallery’s Advisory Group during the project. The project concluded in September 2018 with [ an exhibition and events.] [ Here is the group talking about their project.] ===September 2018===The Heritage Roots project concluded in September 2018 with an [ exhibition and events at the South London Gallery.] ===20th April to 7th May 2018 Glasgow===[ Self-Service] is a collaborative project led by Kirsty Hendry and Ilona Sagar produced in response to the archives of The Peckham Pioneer Centre. It takes place at the CCA in Glasgow from 20 April to 7 May as part of Glasgow International 2018. Taking the form of an event series and publication, Self-Service brings together new works from Hendry, Sagar, and a range of invited collaborators and contributors to explore the history, design, and social context of welfare - examining our increasingly uneasy and technology infused relationship to health, wellbeing, and labour. [ Book here] for the film screening on 26th April and [ here] for the participatory workshop on 6th May. ===27th March 2018 Pool of Information===This was an evening [ exploring the legacy of the Peckham Experiment, and what it means for the health and wellbeing of local residents in south London today.] A screening of A Pool of Information (Jini Rawlings, 1993, 35min) and a short film about the work of the Lambeth GP Food COOP were followed by a Q&A with Jini Rawlings, and a discussion about how to strengthen relationships between healthcare services and the community. This event was part of the programme of events to mark NHS Sustainability Day and also forms part of the ongoing research by the SLG’s youth forum, the Art Assassins. ===13th Dec 2017-25th Feb 2018 Ilona Sagar Correspondence O===[ In her first institutional solo show in the UK, Ilona Sagar] presents Correspondence O, a multi-faceted work exploring the overlooked history of the Pioneer Health Centre in Peckham and its subsequent conversion into a gated community. Sagar’s moving image installation expresses the complex, changing landscape of public health and the social shift towards a more egocentric, user-focused and technology-infused understanding of wellness. The work is informed by her extensive research within the archives of the Pioneer Health Centre held by the Wellcome Trust and Royal Institute of British Architects (RIBA), and contemporary medical research conducted by the Behavioural and Clinical Neuroscience Institute at the University of Cambridge.
===15th September 2017 Search for local memories ===
===29th August 2017 Heritage Roots project visit===
The South London Gallery (SLG) youth group, with [ artist Eleanor Wright], met with Peckham Vision. Eileen Conn showed them the [[Art_Deco_Quarter#The_Art_Deco_cluster.2Fquarter|Art Deco buildings in Rye Lane]] and gave a brief account of their historical and architectural significance. (These buildings were all in the area covered by the Peckham Experiment and were built in its early yearsin the 1930s, the era of Art Deco.) We ended with a discussion in the Peckham Vision studio with Eleanor exploring relations between buildings and people. The interest is sparked by the famous Art Deco Pioneer Health Centre building in St Mary’s Road to the east of Rye Lane. This was designed and built for the Peckham Experiment which opened in 1935. The SLG are currently [ inviting applications for a HISTORIAN IN RESIDENCE] to work with the youth group up to October 2018. This will be of interest to anyone keen on the Peckham Experiment and with skills in heritage research.<br>The project concluded in September 2018 with an [ exhibition and events at the South London Gallery.]
[[Image:IMG 7259.jpg|left|200px|Khans Bargain shop revealed Art Deco ceiling]]
====What was the Peckham Experiment?====
[[Image:Pioneer old pic.jpg|right|thumb|400px|The centre/laboratory, known as the Pioneer Health Centre,]] was purpose built for the Experiment in St Mary's Road, in Peckham. The blue shaded area of the map shows the boundary of the Peckham Experiment. The research was conducted by annual medical checks and observations of families interacting in social activities. Recognising the importance of sound nutrition, they rented a farm to provide fresh organic food. The experiment pioneered thinking, decades ahead of its time, about the way in which health could be nurtured rather than just sickness remedied. The Peckham Research Findings have influenced authorities across the world including the WHO. The Health Centre building is still here in St Mary's Road and is listed by English Heritage in recognition of its historic importance as architecture and its pioneering in health and social [[Image:Pioneer old pic.jpg|right|thumb|400px|The centre/laboratory, known as the Pioneer Health Centre,]] understanding. The legacy material from the Experiment is owned by the Pioneer Health Foundation (PHF) a small national charity. [ Read more...] ====The Building==== The Pioneer Health Centre building is an early example of British Modernism in the International Style. Key figures in this movement such as Nikolaus Pevsner described it as a 'pioneer work indeed, socially as well as architecturally', and Walter Gropius, founder of the Bauhaus, described it as an “oasis of glass in a desert of brick”. The form of the Pioneer Health Centre was of particular importance to Dr. Scott Williamson, who worked closely with structural engineer Sir E. Owen Williams to design the building. The modernist principle ‘form ever follows function’ resonates through the building as the key concepts of the Peckham Experiment are embedded in the architecture. Large windows and state of the art ventilation systems allowed light and air to flood into the large internal spaces. Glass partitions replace the internal walls creating a dialogue between the different spaces, and the members occupying them. This transparency also allowed the scientists to observe the members without interfering with this activity. Multi-use spaces, open circulation and adjustable partitions and ceilings were key to creating a microcosm of interactive social areas. The internal décor had quiet and neutral colours, to bring the vibrancy of this human interaction into the foreground, only occasionally broken by festive decorations.The structure itself consists of three large reinforced concrete slabs with inset concrete columns supporting the structure arranged on a clearly set grid. At the centre of which is a rectangular void containing a large swimming bath under a triangular roof light. The structure removes the requirement for solid load bearing walls, allowing unimpeded circulation and uninterrupted glass cladding around the buildings envelope. The front elevation of includes a series of bow window, which can be opened up in the summer into Juliet balconies. ====R.E.Sassoon House====R.E.Sassoon House occupies the corner between the Pioneer Health Centre and Belfort Rd. It is a block of flat, five-storeys high; it stands end-on to the main road, its cantilevered ‘family’ balconies overlooking Belfort Road. The flats are worthy of attention because they formed part of the Experiment and were intended as an intrinsic part of its founders’ plans… [ more info.]  ====Wellcome Collection archives==== The archival collections of the Wellcome Library contain the [ archive of the Pioneer Health Centre, Peckham,] including the papers of its founders, George Scott Williamson and Innes Hope Pearse. They also include recently digitised films, including some amateur footage. ====Web based information====* [ Summary of facts about Peckham experiment]
====Where was the Peckham Experiment?====
[[Image:Peckham_Experiment_Map_extension.jpg|centre|thumb|600px|extended area]]
[[Image:PEX map peckhamexperiment + text lo.jpg|centre|900px|Area covered by the Peckham Experiment]]
==Pre 2017 information==
===Film & audio===
* [ 1947 film (20 minutes) about the Pioneer Health Centre]
* [ Human Fish 1949] Video of a contest between human fish Harold Elven and an expert angler. Harold was a member of the Peckham Experiment and a champion swimmer. The contest was held in the swimming pool in Pioneer Centre of the famous Peckham Experiment. (2 minutes)
* [ TV news programme ''The One Show'' 2012 on Peckham Experiment.]
* [ 8 minutes on Dr Innes Pearse from BBC Radio 4 Womans' Hour 2014]
* [ 37 minutes radio broadcast: Lisa Curtice in conversation with Henrietta Trotter who was closely involved at the time with the Pioneer Health Centre, later known as the Peckham Experiment.]
* [ TV news programme ''The One Show'' 2012 on Peckham Experiment.]* * [http://www.britishpatheco.comuk/videoprogrammes/human-fish Human Fish 1949b0b6m9jp BBC Radio June 2018] Video of a contest between human fish Harold Elven and an expert angler. Harold was a member of the Peckham Experiment and In a champion swimmer. The contest was held series tracing decisive moments in the swimming pool in Pioneer Centre life of our National Health Service, medical historian Sally Sheard tells the famous Peckham Experimentstory of some enterprising individuals who took matters into their own hands to improve health in their own communities. (2 minutes)
===2010 some new ideas===
* [ Peckham Town Centre Forum 22 April 2010]
===Incredible Edible Conference 9th October 2010===* [ Incredible Edible Conference 9th October 2010]* Conference agenda* conference leaflet * Note about Peckham Experiment and Incredible Edible* [[Media:10.10.09_Incredible_Edible-f.pdf|Eileen Conn's presentation]][more material to be uploaded]

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